Obituary – Gauri Lankesh

Recently, on September 6, 2017, we read an obituary of Gauri Lankesh (55 year old), a female Indian journalist senior, writer and activist (secularist-nationalist). Lankesh was assassinated inside her residence in Bengaluru city (India). Police found three bullet wounds on her body and yet the murderers remain unknown. Nevertheless, it is presumed that Gauri Lankesh’s murder was due to the criticism that she bravely countered political interest of “far-right wing” Hindu nationalists. Before the death of Gauri Lankesh, there were a few leftish academics and journalists who have also been murdered. However, people who mourns the loss of her existence held protest rally in some regions in India. India seems to be having a restless point to maintain democracy in its sovereignty. And yet, fascist practices still exist in some communities.

Nowadays we keep seeing  the politics of religion practiced in many parts of the world; the killings of moslems by Ma Ba Tha (a paranoid Buddhist movement in Myanmar) and Front Pembela Islam or FPI (agitating Islamist group) that despises the Christian Governor of Jakarta are examples of such practice.

Regarding the brave act initiated by Gauri Lankesh, she will be remembered by women, the press, and the world. Her criticism is a prominent message to voice out the freedom of press. Without any criticism on this world, everything would be very subjective. LttW stands by Sacred Bridge Foundation’s principal, whereas a single perception is dangerous for humankind.

Jeff Mills: ‘These visions aren’t supposed to come from black guys from Detroit’

[Jakarta, LTTW] The majority of urban youngsters have a big interest in night-life clubbing and willing to spend their time and money on partying on weekend. Sing and dance to the electronic dance music, excessive use of alcoholic drinks and drugs are like a compulsory lifestyle. It is not surprising at all if people and media talk about it. From the profile of the hottest DJ, review of the top dance club around the city, to the exciting experience from each of party goers. While those issues become trending topic, very few people discuss about the story behind the scene.

This time Pop music mostly goes along with electronica elements since EDM (Electronic Dance Music) has gained much larger audience if we compare it to other music. This condition come up with the fast growing in technology, also it has much to do with the spread wide of software developments especially in audio and music production software.

But, are we aware that electronic dance music has exist more than 30 years ago? Young African Americans started it around 1980’s in Chicago and Detroit that we all know today with Chicago House and Detroit Techno.

Detroit techno has a unique value and the scene had has obtain several figures that influence many people and others. As we know some of prominent figures of Detroit techno are Juan Atkins, Derrick May, Carl Craig and Jeff Mills whose profession are DJ and producers.

The consistency and seriousness on doing the art activities reveals that they have departed from it is predecessors; where in the past time Detroit city had gave many musical outputs, such as “The Motown Sound”. The effect of the hard works they made to the city is to reborn the metropolis where before there were a lot of abandon buildings and places at anywhere in Metro Detroit, yet it has much problems in the society as well as gangsters war. The result is magnificent, now Detroit Techno is a flagship of the big city and the musicians earn from what they did.

Then again, it is not a finished job. They are facing the new problem as we speak and will be facing increasing challenges ahead. Be a better artist and make this scene going up to the next level, it’s such a dream that they want to achieve in the future. For instance we can see Jeff Mills’s effort that is what he did in his project together with Montpellier Philharmonic Orchestra (To see the performance you can watch the video below).

Exhibitionist 2 is released on 25 September; Jeff Mills plays Light from the Outside World with the BBC Symphony Orchestra at the Barbican on 24 October

Ai Weiwei exhibition at Royal Academy of Art, London

[Jakarta, LTTW] In this century the World is in great need of great figures who carry upon them the great values, and in our point of view Ai Weiwei is one such appropriate figure. Regarding his work, the Chinese-born Ai Weiwei is an architect, fine artist, and also a democracy activist; and it is his democracy activism that leads him in his artistic vision, confronting the local government while they hold on to their Communist ideology. Ai Weiwei’s activism reminds us of our recent “Your Thoughts” discussion topic on Sovereignty and Humanitarian Intervention, an issue that continues to be relevant today.

One prominent project that involve Ai Weiwei was the “Bird’s Nest” Olympic Stadium in Beijing. He has regretted helping the Communist government to complete the project, as it gives an impression that the stadium project shows to the World that China has high-quality, modern infrastructure; he has later disavowed his involvement in the design of the stadium. He has also been detained and placed under house arrest and under intensive surveillance under the Chinese government for his protest of the Chinese government’s handling of the victims of the earthquake in Sichuan, China. Ai Weiwei has stated that the Government has not been honest in their disclosure about the victim data of the earthquake, most of whom were children/students. In connection to this catastrophe Ai Weiwei has held art installation projects overseas particularly in Europe.

"Remembering" - installation art by Ai Wei Wei
“Remembering” – installation art by Ai Weiwei

To better understand Ai Weiwei as an artist we also recommend watching the documentary film, “Never Sorry”, created by Alison Klayman, which rather clearly conveys what he was doing at the time.


Despite his controversial actions, Ai Weiwei is very brave in his decisions to push boundaries; even as his Motherland has gone so far as to demolish his art studio in Shanghai, China; and even after the Beijing government on another occasion given him State-sponsored rewards. Ai Weiwei continue to be a prolific figure, never giving up under the constraints that oppress his life, he continues the artistry of his works, driven by political context while being aesthetically and visually marvelous.

And now he has a huge number of worldwide followers, all inspired by his life and what he has done for the sake of the minorities and the oppressed. However this World has become sorely lacking figures who has such a high level of commitment, and we need more people like him to exist in order to make a better future.

(EU, FZ)

Ai Weiwei

Ai Weiwei show at Royal Academy to house heaviest sculpture

BBC News, 16 June 2015

A monumental work by Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei will be the heaviest sculpture ever shown at the Royal Academy of Arts. The 90-tonne installation, entitled Straight, is made from steel rods from buildings damaged in the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. It forms part of a major retrospective of Ai’s work opening at the Academy in London in September. The show is being mounted in Ai’s absence, since he cannot leave China.

Following the Sichuan quake, Ai collected some 200 tonnes of twisted steel rods destined for recycling. They were straightened by hand in his studio in Beijing and returned to the form they would have been in before they were bent by the earthquake. The resulting artwork is described by the RA as “a sober monument to the victims of the earthquake”.

In a statement, Ai said he was “honoured” to have the chance to exhibit at the Royal Academy.

“I’m very happy to be a part of it. This exhibition is my first major survey in London, a city I greatly admire. The selected artworks reflect my practice in recent years, and also include new works made specifically for this show.”

Among those new pieces is Remains (2015) – a porcelain work that replicates a group of bones excavated at the site of a labour camp that operated under Communist leader Mao Zedong in the 1950s. Adrian Locke, co-curator of the exhibition said: “Working with Ai Weiwei has presented us with new challenges but his ability to comprehend space, even without having experienced it first-hand, and the clarity of his vision for the use of that space in relation to his work has been revelatory.” The RA said exhibition was developed in close collaboration with Ai, who “virtually navigated the spaces” from his studio in Beijing.

Ai used a similar method when he helped but together an exhibition of his work at Blenheim Palace last year. The artist has not been able to leave China since his passport was confiscated four years ago. An outspoken critic of the Chinese government, Ai was detained for almost three months without charge in 2011. After he was released, he was accused of tax evasion and fined 15m yuan ($2.4m, £1.5m). As part of his bail conditions, the Chinese authorities imposed a foreign travel ban on the artist.

Ai Weiwei at the Royal Academy runs from 19 September – 13 December 2015.

News article originally published at the BBC News Website.

The Struggle of Steel Pan in NYC

[Jakarta, LttW] Nowadays The Movement of New York Steel Pan musician have to face an issue that they are still struggling to get any place to carry out musical activities, as quoted from an article Steel-Pan Bands in Brooklyn Struggle to Find Rehearsal Space, NY Times”, Their spirit give us an inspiration, to fight for our rights to have ideal conditions coveted by musicians and people.

Their hindrance appears because of the rejection from neighborhood residents who felt uncomfortable with the noises that came from steel pan banging; they encounter with landlords and police officers who demand them to pay rent which they normally used for practicing. At this point we assume that narrow spaces of New York’s infrastructure is a cause of polemic, money seems the only way out for establishing their activities. Therefore to conserve these music needs, a full consciousness is needed from people to understand the purposes of steel pan music, where this Steel Pan music is one of the manifestations of Caribbean culture. The cultural work is not an easy job therefore it needs all people (young, old, families, government) to give contributions to conserve the music.

Now if we would take an example from Balinese Gamelan from Indonesia, whose activities are still established in society especially in the local level. The locals are still perpetuating Gamelan Bali, because of their life and religion are standing together, although the local Government still see Gamelan as a tourism interest. Somehow the locals took outdoor places to practice, they have fields, yards, forest, and they also have “banjar” (public space for any kind activities in any village in Bali). If we compare to New York City infrastructure, Bali still have wide spaces where the Bali people still have a distance to crowded zone yet the people definitely know the purpose of Gamelan to the society.

As we know America (USA) also has cultural histories that flourished across of the world and yet these histories did not start from happiness, they even start from pains. As we know Jazz, Blues and Hip-Hop had been through the ocean’s influx and tides, from affliction living to ideals living. If we look at this history, we believe New York Steel Pan musicians could reach their dream to become reality and the World will see the impacts of their hard work.

(EU, FZ)


Steel-Pan Bands in Brooklyn Struggle to Find Rehearsal Space

by Colin Moynihan, The New York Times, July 7, 2015

Steel-pan bands, introduced to New York City by Caribbean immigrants, have joyously chimed across central Brooklyn for decades, performing at graduations and weddings and at annual events near Prospect Park like a musical competition called Panorama and an exuberant predawn street procession each Labor Day called J’ouvert.

The bands have traditionally rented or squatted on empty lots known as pan yards, which serve as rehearsal spots and gathering places where residents mingle and dance. But finding such lots in the West Indian enclaves of Flatbush and Crown Heights, just east of Prospect Park, has become harder as Brooklyn has gentrified. So with the arrival of summer this year, steel-pan bands are making agreements to use lots, searching for spots they can afford, or simply looking for places where an owner won’t know or care that a pan yard has been established.

“We’re fighting to keep going,” said Tony Joseph, 51, a civil engineer and high school basketball coach who since 1990 has led the Metro Steel Orchestra Youth & Culture band. “It seems that every year you have to move.”

Mr. Joseph spoke on a recent evening as about a dozen young members of the orchestra carried bright silver steel-pan instruments across a city-owned dirt lot in Brownsville, then began their first practice of the summer, starting with a series of scales before moving on to snippets of songs with titles like “Cloud Nine Lyrikal.”

Last summer, without making payments to anyone, Metro Steel practiced in a Crown Heights parking lot two blocks from Prospect Park until the police told its musicians to leave, Mr. Joseph said. This year, he said, the band was asserting “squatters’ rights” on the Brownsville lot, which is more than two dozen blocks from the park.

It was once easier to find a pan yard for the summer, band leaders said. Rental fees were often minimal, the band leaders added, perhaps because the bands were seen as local institutions or because hours of practice were believed to help keep younger people away from trouble. These days, many lots near Prospect Park are being developed. Some that are still empty are owned by people who may see a new value in their relative rarity.

Several band leaders said the asking price this year for lots in Flatbush and Crown Heights had climbed to about $5,000 a month, beyond the reach of most steel-pan bands, which rely mainly on the sale of food and drink during rehearsals to pay for practice space, instruments and uniforms.

And, as real estate prices have risen in Flatbush and Crown Heights, some newer arrivals have viewed steel-pan bands as noisy annoyances rather than valued neighbors, complaining to landlords or the police about nighttime gatherings.

As a result, bands that were once fixtures have moved on. Last year one of the most prominent bands, Despers USA, had to leave a yard in Crown Heights. Martin Douglas, the president of the United States Steel Band Association and the leader of the Crossfire Steel Orchestra, said that he knew of half a dozen bands including his that could not find outdoor spaces this summer in Flatbush or Crown Heights.

“It’s disturbing,” he said, calling those neighborhoods “the heart of the steel-pan world in North America.”

One of the bands having difficulty finding a pan yard, the Casym Steel Orchestra, paid $2,000 a month last summer to use a lot in Flatbush, said the band’s leader, Travis Roberts. At the end of the season, Mr. Roberts said, a real estate broker who had arranged the rental told him that the lot was being sold and that the band could not remain. City records show that the lot has changed hands twice since last August; the Buildings Department recently approved the construction of an 80-unit apartment building there with a rooftop terrace and subterranean garage.

Some displaced bands, like Casym and Crossfire, have been using cramped indoor spaces that cannot accommodate an entire ensemble, which may include 50 performers or more. Others have ended up in far-flung parts of Brooklyn, miles from Prospect Park. Such moves will make it more arduous to transport instruments to Panorama and J’ouvert, band members said, and have separated bands from communities that provided encouragement and financial support.

Steel Pan struggles in NYC (2)

Anthony Hinds, a steel-pan veteran who started an American branch of a Trinidadian band called the Dem Stars Steel Orchestra, said that he thought the City of New York should help bands find permanent and affordable homes in Flatbush or Crown Heights.

Jumaane D. Williams, a City Council member who represents Flatbush, called the steel-pan bands “extremely important, culturally,” and said he was taking part in discussions with the police, pan-yard participants and residents to balance the bands’ need to practice and the concerns of neighbors.

Steel-pan bands have roots in neighborhood carnival bands in Trinidad that were suppressed by colonial British authorities, said Shannon Dudley, an ethnomusicology professor at the University of Washington in Seattle, and the author of “Music From Behind the Bridge” (Oxford University Press), about the history of steel-pan music. When British officials banned drums in the 1880s, he said, bands replaced them with bamboo instruments and then, around 1940, with metal objects like biscuit tins and garbage cans that they banged while marching. Eventually, musicians began using 55-gallon steel barrels.

Contemporary instruments are still made from such barrels: one face is sunk into a concave shape and then dents are carefully hammered into the surface, with each one producing a different note. Although many people associate steel-pan bands with calypso-style music, the bands have a history of playing songs from diverse genres, including and rock and gospel.

On a recent evening in Canarsie, members of the Pantonic Steel Orchestra, who were practicing in the courtyard of a storage complex, played experimental jazz pieces that sounded as if they could have been inspired by Ornette Coleman or John Zorn.

One member, Gwynn Glasgow, said that she had been part of the band since 1997, when it was founded by her mother, Glenda Gamory, a Trinidadian immigrant.

Last summer the band practiced in a lot in Flatbush about 10 blocks from Prospect Park, but did not return because of disagreements with the owner and noise complaints from neighbors, Ms. Glasgow said. She added that band members were searching for an outdoor lot to use this summer but had begun practicing in front of the roughly 100-square-foot storage space, where they were keeping their instruments but far from the park.

Although the storage courtyard had been better than nothing, Ms. Glasgow said, she worried about the lack of a more established outdoor gathering spot.

“If we don’t have a place to call home, our followers can’t find us,” she said, adding that a band cannot exist without an audience. “If you take away one from two, you’re really left with nothing.”


Originally published at the New York Times, July 7, 2015.