Timothy Walker, Strings of Life

by Ginastera Sianturi and Johnathan Wiseman

Timothy Walker, born 1943 at Durban, South Africa, is a world renowned guitar player, composer, and a master-class teacher as well. Being raised in the midst of a musical family -his father played violin and his mother played piano-, he began playing the guitar at the age of 12 and continued to gain knowledge and experiences from guitar masters like Narciso Yepes, Ida Presti, and John Williams.

Timothy Walker has long been settled in London and was the guitarist with the London Sinfonietta and has played with the London Symphony Orchestra, the BBC Symphony Orchestra, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, and Royal Opera Covent Garden along many other orchestras. He has also worked with great conductors like Pierre Boulez, Hans Werner Henze and Walter Susskind.

In addition to his solo career, Tim Walker is recognized as one of the foremost guitarists in the world of chamber music, and has encouraged composers to use the instrument more in ensemble works. He has played groups such as the Melos Ensemble, Ensemble Musique Vivants, the Nash Ensemble, the Lindsay Quartet and many other leading ensembles. He has performed in duo with John Williams, as well as with some of the world’s finest singers and instrumentalists including Robert Tear, Philip Langridge and Sarah Walker.

Now with over 30 recordings of guitar works made on his name, while also serving as a professor at the Royal Academy of Music in London, and still continuing to play and perform all over the world, he surely does have some stories to tell. And thanks to our UK’s representatives Ginastera Sianturi and Jonathan, we are very grateful he was willing to share them with us.

Listen to the World: You were born at Durban, South Africa, a region long considered to be among the birth place of African music. What kind of music are you familiar with from the region? Does it have an influence on your musical genre?

Timothy Walker: From South Africa? Phew… really, I don’t know the names, if you had to give them names but like, township, kwella music..?

I remember as a kid hearing a lot of Black African musicians—well, they weren’t really professional musicians, but they would walk to work just strumming a guitar, you know and they had to go miles to get from where they were living to work [to arrive at the place where they work, red.], and they would just strum and sing as they walk the road. And it made, sort of, the journey much easier I guess. Now I don’t know if that has any particular sort of name…

And then you’d also have some groups, some of them playing on street corners, with string and base, you know, just one string and a broom handle, a box, a pennywhistle, other instruments, and someone playing a guitar. I don’t know if that has any particular of name to it, we just call it… folk music. 

Does it have any influence in your musical journey in your early years?

Oh very much so. Quite a few pieces that I’ve played or I’ve composed… I think anybody who’s heard any of this African music of the type that I’ve been talking about will recognize immediately the kind of rhythm, strumming… and usually very simple melodically, but very lovely, beautiful.

Living in the middle of a community rich with wind and percussion musical instruments in your early age, can you share your tale how you chose guitar to be your “partner for life?”

I come from a very musical family; my father played violin, and my mother played the piano. So I was listening to music every day of my life since I can remember, I would listen to Mozart, and Bach, and Beethoven… There was always something in the backdrop. My father was a music critic; he was a general arts critic for a newspaper, for a daily newspaper in Johannesburg. So he would have to review concerts, records, and he would have to make very good writing. But I was more interested in “cowboy music” (sic.), stuff like… I heard Elvis Presley, “Heartbreak Hotel,” and I decided then I had to play the guitar. With “Heartbreak Hotel” (laugh).

So, my father got me a guitar, and I strummed a couple of cords, my mother told me I played good music; and then I heard, um… My father, one of the records he had to review for the newspaper was (Andres) Segovia, and I heard these two Handel minuets and I couldn’t believe my ears, so I went from playing “Heartbreak Hotel” to trying to play Handel minuets… That’s how I got into playing music. It was Elvis Presley but, music was always there…

Classical music from its beginning has a deep relationship with the sciences, specifically with astronomy, geometry, mathematics, and architecture. In your opinion, how was the interrelation between these disciplines established?

I’m not sure quite how that relates to me, except, I remember at school I once got 108% for Maths and uh, I figured that one out ­– well, I did [answer] more questions than I actually needed to in the paper. So I kind of liked… adding things together. And the next year I got 8% in mathematics, because the teacher didn’t like me and I didn’t like the teacher.

So I guess I like… I’ve done a lot of modern music where you have to do a lot of ‘calculus,’ so if you’re talking to me personally I like mathematics as a sort of thing. I think mathematics is wonderful, I’ve even watched programs about Einstein’s theory of relativity without understanding at all what’s going on, but I still find it fascinating.

You have experience in performing as a soloist, as well as playing in an orchestra-scale ensemble. Can you describe what meaning and function of each these two experience types for you?

What, playing solo as being different to playing with an orchestra, or just as a person?

Yes as a soloist, and on the other side as an ensemble.

Well the thing is playing with an ensemble, ideally, you are listening to the others [playing] and they should be listening to you. Which is much more—if you like—how we are as people in society, relating to each other ideally as we listen and hear what other people have to say and hopefully they do the same for us. So I think that’s, that’s why we always encourage to do them [playing in an ensemble, red.], and you hear a lot of people saying it is the most, it can be the most satisfying form of music making, because you bounce it off each other. Even if you learn a piece, learn all the notes, and you’ve got yourself a plan of how to do things, of course the weather can make a difference, all sorts of circumstances so you don’t always play it the same, which you don’t as a soloist anyway, either. But it means that when you’re with somebody else, you know you have to play along with them or against them. While when you’re on your own, you can always do what you like and hope that the audience likes what you do, of course, but it doesn’t require the same discipline. I never think it’s quite as rewarding actually in the long run. It’s great indeed, you know, the places, and you get the applause and it’s all for you; but as an all-around experience I think it’s nice if you can do things with other people.

So would you agree that people have very become preoccupied with their solo careers? Because there are, um, far too many excellent, gifted young players around anyway and not all of them can make it, so perhaps it’s either an alternate way of looking at things, while there’s more possibility of a career with an ensemble?

Oh absolutely! For sure, when I started, it was quite long ago now, there were really not that many guitarists, solo guitarists travelling the world; not many. So if you worked hard, obviously, and if you have any talent, there was actually a sort of chance to actually join that group of people travelling the world.

The problem with the guitar is that the solo repertoire is very limited compared to, say, the piano or the violin. And so everyone is playing the same repertoire, or very often if people are playing a different repertoire, the music isn’t of such a high quality, you know and it doesn’t have the audience either. So, now it’s much more difficult than when I started to make it in a solo career. When I started, that’s what I wanted to do, was to be a soloist like Andres Segovia, and Julian Bream, and my teacher the great Narcisso Yepes; but then I kind of fell into playing ensemble music, and I hadn’t realized that, ‘gee, you know I really like doing this’, but today rather than fall into playing ensemble music, it’s something and that’s why at the Royal Academy where you are now, is emphasized quite strongly, and I think absolutely rightly, is that one should learn to play with other people, singers, other… duets and bigger groups.

I mean for example when I, the first time I ever did something with a conductor I got sent this music and a friend of mine, an Australian we used to play duets, we got sent this music to play in a film, it was called ‘The Conductor.’ And we got the music, and it was really pretty easy for us to play, and a lot of rests also because there was some other people coming in. So anyways we arrived for the recording of this music for this film, ‘The Conductor,’ we were late which is, professionally, not the way to start off , ‘Be there on time!’, and we got to the recording studio and there was this orchestra of a hundred people, so suddenly we felt a little bit twitchy. And we sat down, and the conductor went up beat, down beat, and we played down there, and then the orchestra came in, played there. The conductor then said, ‘Stop, stop, stop!’ since we were a bit too soon. We had never worked with a conductor before. Now, this is a horrible experience for me. I will never, ever forget it, okay, but if I had come in to a place like the Academy I wouldn’t have had that experience because I would’ve learned what to do.

So, you know, this is what you guys, here, could learn, and also working with other people, what to do, rather than finding yourself in a professional situation and making an idiot of yourselves, you know. I don’t know if that answers your question, maybe not, but anyways, it’s something.

You have also collaborated with various world-class musicians and composers in the past. Can you tell us about one or two in which you gained great experiences from?

I will always remember working with Pierre Boulez; he was an, amazing musician, conductor, and composer. It was at the BBC Orchestra, a huge orchestra, and he was, at one moment, he wanted just to rehearse the strings, double basses. There were eight, or more, double basses, and each one was playing a different line, we weren’t playing together; this was very, very modern music everybody played their own thing. And so they played this section, and when he said, ‘Oh excuse me, double bass number eight, you played that ‘D’ in bar so-and-so at the wrong octave.’ And the double-bass player looks at his part and that part, and said, ‘Oh sorry Mr. Boulez.’ We were playing the correct note, it was a ‘D’ and I really remember the note it was a ‘D,’ but he was playing it at the wrong octave. And this man could hear, even with all this jungle of notes, and he could hear it was the wrong pitch, even with all that….

So here it is when you work with somebody like that who knows, who really knows what’s going on, it’s fantastic. And yeah, some musicians are like that. And while others, are quite different.

Also, you have created and played various musical compositions from all over the world starting from folk, classical, even to complex modern compositions. Is there something you seek to achieve from these experiences? And how does the public respond to it?

What, playing folk inspired music?

Yes, I mean from different genres, from folk, classical, until the complex modern compositions today.

The only thing I would want to achieve is to… convey to people the pleasure and enjoyment I have received from listening and working at the music. It doesn’t really matter to me if it’s… twelve-tone music or simple folk music …

Sometimes as a professional musician you get asked to play something, and you get the music and you learn it and you play it, and you might not really like it at all, it doesn’t mean anything or doesn’t speak to you personally. But as a professional, you still have to do as good a job of trying to understand what it is the composer is trying to do, and sometimes you do understand but it still doesn’t move you or do anything. But you still have to do a good job….

So there are a lot of pieces that I have played, that I would never, ever choose to play but I get paid to do it so I do it as a professional; you have to make a living.

But that’s one thing actually, I suppose, with playing solos, is that you get to choose the program that you want to play, you know. So it has happened sometimes, you get a job or a condition that you play at least by some, or whatever, but usually you would… choose the pieces that you want to play. And, it might depend… the program one chooses might depend on where, what type of audience that you’re playing for, or you just do, play what you… enjoy playing. And, I suppose if you have a broad range of interests that means that the repertoire you choose will be pretty broad as well.

Well, moving on to a different area: In the context of music industry—

I HATE that expression by the way. Music industry, errghh… I know I, hey I understand that’s what it’s called but, I really don’t like…

…(laugh) what have you seen in the last decades of music business? Are there any changes? And does it have an impact on the classical music “genre”?

Well I think, you know with all the modern technologies these days, with the, going from um…. When I started playing it was just records and of course vinyl and, um CDs and now you can get things off of websites and stuffs like that, people can download – it makes it difficult to make a professional livelihood if you make a CD and somebody could put it on Youtube or whatever it is, and then download it or whatever the expression is, I’m afraid I’m not too supple on those type of things, so they don’t go out and buy your CD, so that, can make a big impact on one’s livelihood.

My son is not in classical music but he does electronic… Unfortunately his type of music is being completely killed by modern technology because, he can’t make any money from people buying these things because people would get it for nothing from, you know, downloading so yes, I’m afraid it’s made a big impact. That’s that but people still like seeing it happening in front of them in the flesh, so…

The live experience, yes.

Yes, there’s still that. And of course as a professional musician there are still other things, one could teach, compose, arrange, there are lots of things that one could do. But on the playing side, making CDs is – one needs to do stuffs like that to get known, but as far as making a living out of it, I don’t think it’s like it used to be.

On the other side, in the musical education sector, in that context has there been changes too? What problems are being faced? And how do you personally face them?

Well I think that, certainly, again just from the guitar point of view, because there are more and more good players and, not everybody actually have the ego, or the ambition, or whatever, to follow that through to, you know become a big time soloist or whatever; it doesn’t mean that there are more and more people who actually teach, who are of a good, or very good, standard. And that obviously has a big effect.

Because you know, a kid could come along and be pretty talented, but for one thing they could be put off doing it at all if they have a lousy teacher; that’s one thing; or, they could have this very dedicated teacher.

Professionally I had a lovely fellow, but he wasn’t a great player by any means; unfortunately he got me started. But then I went to somebody else who was really… quite talented at teaching. Because if I had carried on with the first guy, I know that I was getting into lots and lots of habits which would have taken a lot of work to get out of. You know we all can get into good habits as much as we can get into bad habits, but if you get into a lot of bad habits early on, which can become quite difficult to get out of, it could be very discouraging, disheartening depending on one’s character, whatever…

But these days there are more and more, good and very good players around who obviously perform which wasn’t actually the case.

And this one is particularly my question um, we’ve almost got to the end of the interview; I’m looking at the other side of the world, particularly in Indonesia and surrounding areas. Every parent with a musical child is faced with a dilemma whether to apply pressure, or stories … seeing the willingness of the child to work, or whether to let things take their course with the possibility of equally dire results. And how was persuasion applied in your case?

Yes, that’s a very tricky one because I mean for example I was very lucky. As I said before my father played the violin. And, well I guess, I think I was about five when I said, ‘I want a violin.’ So my dad brought home a small instrument, shortly afterwards I put it under my chin, and I went scrape, scrape with the violin, with the bow. And it was the most diabolical noise, I couldn’t believe what was coming out when I did this. I was always listening to Fritz Kreisler and Jascha Heifetz, great names of violin, you see, who made rather sweet and wonderful sounds. My father wasn’t a great violinist but, let’s say he could, he made—he had professional music in the dance fair, but he was more interested in classical music—but even though he didn’t make sound like Fritz Kreisler, not by a long run, but he sounded okay. So anyway when I went scrape, scrape it was the most diabolical noise so I said no, I don’t want to play this. Now I was very lucky because he said, “Okay, no problem.” He took the violin, fine. And later on I said, ‘I want to play the guitar.’ Now he could have said, ‘oh, well but you said you like the violin.’ But so okay he got me a guitar and I took to it, okay.

While… I always remember teaching, when I was about 16, teaching… I had these two girls, sisters, came to me for lessons, and I would teach them, and… one week after the next they, they hadn’t made any kind of improvement at all. Now I wasn’t doing this to make a lot of money, I was doing it for purpose… and it was extremely boring for me, I keep on having to repeat myself. And so I said, ‘Sorry girls, I don’t want to teach you anymore,’ and they both, both started crying. I don’t know what to do… And then the parents came to see me and it turned out the parents, they had come to South Africa they were… he was from Ireland, and she was from Yugoslavia or something like that, and neither the parents had any background… when they came back to South Africa—they had successful business, they had a restaurant—and I was taken to see them, to talk about their children, these two girls. And then it turned out the girls, because the parents didn’t have any idea what was going on, their children were going to school, they had ballet lessons, piano lessons, percussion lessons, violin lessons… something else, and guitar. So no wonder—I mean, these poor girls were so overloaded with… the parents are probably trying to give them stuffs which any… most parents would want to do for their child, right, but they were just overloaded which meant that—maybe these girls would’ve loved to play the guitar, may have loved to play the piano, they may have loved to do ballet, all these kinds of stuff, but then… they didn’t have the chance, to find out about any of it. So they were crying to me and I was still going to teach them I wasn’t going to, you know… and, and put that kind of pressure on them. So, yeah finally um, some parents… but perhaps the best will in the world to uh,… give, or make their children—for whatever reason—would do these things, and it’s not a good idea at all… but, but what can you do you can’t choose your parents… I was lucky. I know some other people like these two girls…

I’m sorry, I don’t know if I’ve answered your question, it’s a very difficult one because parents so very often do these things with the best of intentions, but they, sometimes would do something stupid with the very best of intentions, while doing it for the wrong reasons. If they really loved their kids, then you know, they will make all these things available that they are able to, and encourage that talent, and… see what happens.

If we should invite you to share your knowledge and do a performance maybe, in Indonesia, would you be willing?

Of course, I would love to. 

Yes so, do you have any words for Listen To The World, and the younger generation?

Do what you love to do.

And if playing music is what you love to do, do it. It’s not easy, but hey, doing anything that is interesting is never easy, you know but um… I think, that’s it.

If you love doing it, I mean you can do it without becoming a professional that’s, that’s one thing too, which is great, you know. I think, ideally, the best professionals are still amateurs at heart. Amateur, from the Latin, ‘lover’; you do it because you love it; so you need to keep that.

That’s why, when you say ‘Industry’, I come to think of this smoke, pouring out into the atmosphere, you know, and making more problems that you don’t really need, and stuffs like that. That’s why I don’t like that (laugh), I don’t see playing a lot of notes as an ‘industry,’ I hear–but I understand perfectly the term, but it’s a terrible… but… that’s all that I would say.

If you love doing it, you’ve got to find out and, if you are able to do what you love to do and make a living from it… and if you can’t make a living from it, I hope that, you know, one could still, find something else that you enjoy doing, and that’s very important, very important to do what you love to do, and be able to do that thing… but if you can’t make a profession out of it, then carry on, and… enjoy doing it.

(AA / FZ / SGS)

Bambu Wukir

Bambu Wukir: Lessons in Music and Courage from the Streets

by Aryo Adhianto & Agung Waskito

Some time ago, on a noon quite brightly lit by Jakarta’s sun, we had a chance to chat with one whom can be called a young musical “figure” who grew up on the streets. His name is Wukir, and he is originally from Solo, Central Java. At the time what I knew was that he is a musician as well as a maker of his own musical instrument, which consisted of a block of bamboo with strings encompassing its surface. Maybe it would be easier to imagine it as somewhat like a lute, but with a cylindrical resonating body (the cylinder in this case being a large piece of bamboo).

Just imagining what musical creations could be created had already excited me. But what further made me want to chat directly with him is his courage in traversing the world of music from street to street armed only with an (unproven though unique) instrument that he made himself, which of course created his own unique sound. When I place myself within the point of view of a layman, a question raised in my mind was how is it that a street musician, someone who would be shackled by financial issues as well as issues of (formal) education, would have the bravery to create his own instrument and play his own original works with full confidence? Before heading for the answer, it would be prudent to first get to know the friends who helped Wukir travel his musical journey so far.

For one whole month in Jakarta, Wukir stayed at his friends’ home, Yanuar, near Bintaro, South Jakarta. He brought his wife and a friend, Cunong, from Solo. “Jakartas is hot. I can’t stand it here,” said Cunong when I asked him what he thought of Jakarta at the time. Wukir’s wife would also do no more than laugh in agreement. It is true that at the time the sun above Jakarta seemed unrelentingly bright. And for those not used to it, I am sure it would be difficult to find comfort living here.

Yanuar, Wukir’s wife, and Cunong, are youths who paved their life paths on the road of the arts. Yanuar introduced himself as a djembe music player at a capoeira martial arts school in Jakarta; and during Wukir’s stay in Jakarta, he was responsible for helping arrange performance schedules and for promoting them so that Wukir could perform and spread his musical works maximally. Meanwhile Wukir’s wife is also a singer who often performed in collaboration with Wukir in his various shows, including in Jakarta at this time. And Cunong, it turns out aside from his involvement in various music shows in Solo, he also had written some music works himself.

In my point of view, together with Wukir, the three of them are a “family” that are inseparable in the context of their functions and roles, vision and mission, and in self exploration in questioning, seeking, and living out their lives as part of society. Once again things such as limited finances and the gap in (formal) education which I had mentioned earlier, these were no longer relevant to this discussion when we witness the courage and strong will of these our friends from Solo. And so the next question is, where does this courage come from?

Sound as a self expression towards ones surrounding environment

Wukir, whose full name is Wukir Suryadi, is a youth born in Malang, East Java, 32 years ago. “I have known music ever since elementary school,” explained Wukir. At the age of 12, he began learning and delving into the art world through various roles in an art exhibition, specifically through a musical theater, where he took roles in lighting and eventually as music director. “From a theater performance, I learned a whole lot. Especially about the role of sounds and how each actor responds to them,” answered Wukir, when asked for the beginning of his interest in music. “…so music to me had become more than just simply a series of rhythms and melodies that are enjoyable to hear, but instead it has become like all the sounds we hear out there… like nature [itself]!” He continued. With such an understanding and consciousness of musicality, from one region to the next, from city to city, from street to street.

From his teenage years until this moment, Wukir had developed his musical knowledge and attitudes through various experiences in taking the stage at almost all areas of Java island. A part of them as the music director at Teater Ideot Malang and at Teater Bangkit at Universitas Islam Malang, in collaboration with the Theater of IKIP Surabaya, and then joining Rendra’s Bengkel Theater as lighting coordinator in the show “Kereta Kencana”, in collaboration with batik makers at Warung Apresiasi Bulungan, Jakarta, and taking part in various music groups such as Pitara (Depok, West Java), Bloko Suto at Cipayung, Blok M Akustik (Jakarta), Main Tenan (Solo), and as musician lead by music director I Wayan Sadra in the Bengkel Teater Rendra performance of “SOBRAT” by Artur S. Nalan, directed by WS. Rendra.

In his various journeys, he often explored sounds through percussion instruments and unusual implements used as music instruments, such as playing with bottle caps (kempyeng), clay pots, mechanical drills and blenders; modifying musical instruments such as gaping (a modification of the rebab), gestik (a modification of the rebab fused with an air rifle), and he also designed his own such as gestong, tarmbu (a guitar made of bamboo), until in 2009 he created his own unique instrument which he continues to develop to this day, which he named the Bambu Wukir.

Bambu Wukir (illustration by Bintang Perkasa)

“Bambu Wukir” – illustration by Bintang Perkasa (Maros VCI)

Challenges as instrument maker/songwriter/player

As a designer and true ‘owner’ of his own musical instrument, not to mention as a songwriter and as a performer—something that would be very hard to achieve in the West even, if without incredibly big dedication, determination, talent and commitment—of course Wukir’s musical process is far from over. When asked what is the final goal of his musical efforts all this time, he was at a loss for words. As an instrument maker, songwriter, and a player, on one side it would make us imagine Wukir to be a very creative artist. But on the other side, he also carries an incredibly large responsibility towards the public upon his achievements; especially once he is facing the international world.

In the West, if only just to become ‘a mere player’ you would already be required to obtain the correct set of skills and means to reach perfection in playing, such as contextual and proper musical knowledge, not to mention talent, dedication, and strong commitment. The same if you wanted to write songs, or to make instruments. Proper understanding, focus, and goals, these are things which has made the music industry ecosystem in the west so dynamic, and has inspired (and conquered) the world continuously.

Then when we see the condition of the music ‘industry’ in Indonesia at this moment, of course Wukir’s role and function as an actor within it is of course quite a challenge to him. Meaning, this final musical goal would be hard to achieve without the proper tools to reach them. Identifying the problems he face, focus, and sacrifice become very crucial in Wukir’s career path today.

Personal potential and independence as limitless wealth

And now we return to Wukir as a youth who, we can say, came from ‘the streets’. With his financial limitations and the ‘social status’ problems he face all this time, I return again to the question I raised at the beginning, “where did his courage and conviction in walking his musical path all this time came from?”

One answer immediately crossed my mind the moment he played one of his pieces; of course it is with his Bambu Wukir instrument. At that moment, it is clearly evident that he truly understands and believes in his own inner potential. His pride, confidence and conviction became present all at once and quite strongly, the music playing through his fingers shows the ‘wealth’ lying within him, without any dependency at all upon anyone else. To me , the music that came from him is purely the sound of “sadness, gloom, and suffering that he finally overcame.”

Wukir and his bamboo, his wife, and also his fellow comrade in arms seems as if they had given me a hard slap; me, a person that came from a well-t0-do family. That poverty is not at all about material possession, fate, or social status. But poverty and dependency is when we cannot see and develop the potential that lies inside within each of us. Society, or anyone at all could at any time take away our material wealth (read: money) and status; but with conviction I say, nothing can take away each our own self potential and independence from us.

Truly, meeting Wukir and any friends who walk the same path of conviction as us is truly a priceless learning experience.

(fz)